“It’s clear that there are alternatives to coal for each of the three important roles it plays in steel production. (This) would require the steel industry to invest massively in new infrastructure, like on-site renewable electrolysis plants,” writes Noah Beecher Kelk, in Front Line Action on Coal.

In Australia’s case, Andrew Forrest, chairman of Fortescue Metals, is challenging the nation to make carbon-free steel.

IMAGE: DONETSK, UKRAINE – DECEMBER 10, 2020: Steel melters are at work at the Yuzovsky Metallurgical Plant … [+] Valentin Sprinchak/TASS